55th Ohio Infantry.
Organized in the fall of 1861, at Norwalk, Ohio, leaving the State January 25, 1862, and proceeding to Grafton, W. Va., where it remained until April, 1862. During the spring of 1862 it served in Schenck’s Brigade, and was present with that command at Manassas,— then McLean’s (2d) Brigade, Schenck’s (1st) Division, Sigel’s Corps; the casualties in the regiment at that battle amounted to 14 killed, 60 wounded, and 21 missing. The Corps remained in Virginia, encamped near Centreville, during McClellan’s Antietam campaign, and then went into winter-quarters at Stafford Court House. On the 27th of April it broke camp for Chancellorsville, the brigade being then in Devens’s (1st) Division, Eleventh Corps; the loss of the regiment in that battle was 9 killed, 87 wounded, and 5 7 missing,— out of 491 present. At Gettysburg the Fifty-fifth was in Smith’s (2d) Brigade, Steinwehr’s (2d) Division, Eleventh Corps; casualties, 6 killed, 31 wounded, and 12, missing. In September, 1863, the regiment accompanied its Corps to Tennessee, where it fought at Missionary Ridge. In April, 1864, the Eleventh was transferred to Hooker’s newly organized Twentieth Corps, a corps which won honorable distinction in the Atlanta campaign. During that campaign the regiment— then in Butterfield’s (3d) Division — participated in some hard fighting at Resaca, where it lost 18 killed— including Colonel Gambee and Major Robbins— 72 wounded, and one missing; its casualties on that campaign were over 200, or fifty per cent. of its effective strength. After marching with Sherman to the sea, it was hotly engaged in more hard fighting at Averasboro and Bentonville, N. C.
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